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Saturday, March 22, 2003

India tells EU how to sugar-coat a deal

New world order: ‘Buy our sugar, we’ll buy your aircraft’

Sonu Jain Indian Express 16 Mar 03

New Delhi, March 15: India is going to sweeten the mega aircraft purchase deal. If the European Union (EU) wants New Delhi to buy their Airbus aircraft, they should pick up sugar from India. This is an innovative strategy that the government plans to adopt in the final stages of the intricate trade negotiations. The proposal has come from the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Commerce appears keen on it. For EU, at stake is $ 2 billion for 43 airplanes that Indian Airlines proposes to buy. For India, there is an ailing sugar industry with more stocks than they can handle and doors to export markets firmly shut with Quantitative Restrictions (QRs). ‘‘It is done the world over for these big deals so why should India not do it,’’ said an official at the Ministry of Agriculture. According to officials, when Korea hammered out a deal with Boeing, they put in a clause that the wings be manufactured in Korea to help their domestic industry. Why sugar? Seven million tonnes of sugar is lying in the sugar mills. Consumption is going down in spite of increasing population. The only way out is exports. In fact, last year, exports suffered because the Brazilian currency was devalued and their sugar flooded the market. Not even a tonne went out of the Indian markets. QRs imposed by the EU mean that India is allowed to export 10,000 tonnes of sugar. This was decided in 1981 and since then, India’s sugar production has grown four-fold. EU favours countries like Mauritius and Fiji because of the French connection. Out of the 1.7 million tonnes that EU imports, India only has a small pie. Both Boeing (a US company) and Airbus (owned by a European consortium) have been front-runners and have been trying to woo the Indians. The world is expecting India to buy 222 civilian aircrafts over the next 20 years, raising the market to $ 17.5 billion. In short, India, is looking at the sugar clause as a lever to play one company against the other. Market-watchers are ecstatic over this possibility in the post-WTO regime in which developed countries guard trade interests by using QRs effectively. If a deal can be struck for sugar, it can be wheat and rice the next year. They aAdvanced GSLV version by 2009 PTI [ SUNDAY, MARCH 16, 2003 02:34:19 PM ] Times of Indai 16 mar 03
BANGALORE: An advanced version of the geo-synchronous satellite launch vehicle (GSLV Mk-III) with the capability to launch four tonne satellites into geo-synchronous transfer orbit (GTO) will be developed by India by 2009, according to Isro. "The development is expected to take about six years," the Indian Space Research Organisation said in its annual report for 2002-03. Currently, Isro is launching the heavier communication satellites into space using the European Ariane Space launch vehicles from Kourou in French Guyana. GSLV Mk-III will be a three-stage vehicle with a 110 tonne core liquid propellant stage and strap-on-stage with two solid propellant motors, each, with 200 tonne propellant, Isro said. Isro is developing a series of earth observation satellites, which include IRS-P6 (RESOURCESAT) planned for launch using the indigenous Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) later this year. IRS-P6, to be placed in a sun-synchronous polar orbit of 800 km, will not only provide service continuity to IRS-1C and IRS-1D but also enhance the service capabilities in the areas of agriculture, disaster management, land and water resources with better resolution imageries. IRS-P5 (CARTOSAT-1) satellite which is primarily intended for advanced cartographic applications, is planned for launch by PSLV in 2004-05, Isro said in the report. An advanced remote sensing satellite, CARTOSAT-2, with a single panchromatic camera capable of providing scene specific spot imageries for cartographic applications is planned to be launched during 2004-05, the annual report said. The panchromatic camera is designed to provide better than one metre spatial resolution imageries with a swath of 10 km, the report said. Isro is planning to launch an all-weather and all day-night observation capability, radar imaging satellite (RISAT) during 2006, the report said. RISAT, with a five years mission life, envisages to support and augment the operational remote sensing programme by enhancing agricultural and disaster applications, it said.

re also waiting and watching whether the European palate can get addicted to cane sugar when they are use to beet-root sugar.
Navy's carrier battle group to hold exercises off Goa Economnic Tiesm 16 Mar 03PTI [ SUNDAY, MARCH 16, 2003 03:46:25 PM ]
GOA: The Indian Navy will display its awesome fire power and carry out manoeuvres in which its aircraft carrier INS Virat, destroyers and submarines will take part off the Goan coast on Monday. INS Virat, the centrepiece of the Navy's carrier battle group, will be supported by its latest Kashin class guided missile destroyers, guided missile frigates, guided missile corvettes and high speed missile vessels.The Navy's formidable sub-surface combat prowess will be demonstrated in the presence of one of its latest missile capable submarines and by a fleet replenishment tanker. The manoeuvres to be held on Monday morning, naval officials, said will showcase the operation of carrier-borne fighter aircraft. Naval manoeuvres, being conducted under the distinguished visitors programme, will be witnessed by Deputy Prime Minister Lal Krishna Advani, Defence Minister George Fernandes and some other Cabinet ministers, Members of Parliamentary Defence Consultative Committee as also those of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence.

India unlikely to allow refuelling for US war planesEconomic Tiems 16 mar 03 REUTERS [ SUNDAY, MARCH 16, 2003 03:37:43 PM ]
NEW DELHI: India is not expected to allow American military planes to refuel in the country if the United States goes to war against Iraq, Defence Minister George Fernandes was quoted as saying on Sunday."Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee has made the country's stand on a possible American attack on Iraq very clear and I do not think that the government will allow refuelling facility to American planes," the Press Trust of India quoted Fernandes as telling reporters in Patna.India allowed US military transport planes to refuel at Indian airports during the 1991 Gulf war and, more recently, for the US-led attack that drove the Taliban government from power in Afghanistan.New Delhi opposes any unilateral action against Iraq.Vajpayee said on Wednesday that any unilateral action would have disastrous consequences for the United Nations and world order.The Prime Minister has been under pressure from Opposition parties to make a clear statement on India's position on Iraq. They have accused him of trying to duck the issue to avoid souring ties with Washington, which have been improving in recent years. US faces India, Pak 'nuclear paradox'

T.V. Parasuram (Press Trust of India)
Indian Express 22 Mar 03
Washington, March 22: The United States has admitted it faces a "conundrum" in convincing India and Pakistan to go slow on their nuclear ambitions, but said it was working hard to get them to exercise restraint. "Under the rules of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, India and Pakistan, which are not signatories, cannot be accepted as nuclear weapon states. But they do have nuclear weapons and we see no realistic prospect that they will be getting rid of them any day soon," US Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs Christina Rocca said on Friday.
Testifying before the international relations committee's subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, Rocca said the Bush administration is working on three key areas to solve the problem.
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"We are working hard with both nations to get them to exercise restraint. We are asking them not to conduct nuclear tests, to minimise missile tests, to announce their missile tests in order to keep the tensions down, to announce them in advance, to bring an early end to the production of fissile material, which would be in line with their stated policies of having these weapons as a minimum credible deterrent.
"We are also asking them not to build sea-launch or intercontinental ballistic missiles, not to deploy nuclear-capable warheads or ballistic missiles, and to keep missiles and warheads at separate locations," she said.
The US, she added, was working closely with both countries on stopping proliferation. The third area is one of defusing tensions between them. "The high levels of tension and the lack of dialogue and the cold war that exists increases the risk that the nuclear threshold might be crossed through misperception or inadvertance."
On the issue of the reported transfer of uranium enrichment technology from Pakistan to North Korea, Rocca said the US has carefully reviewed all the information available "and decided that they did not warrant the imposition of sanctions under applicable US laws".
Asked what reply she would give India when it points out that France broke the moratorium on nuclear testing and nothing happened, she said, "There is no easy answer."

No pre-emptive hit, Pak to India

Press Trust Of India Indian Express 21 Mar 03

Islamabad, March 20: Pakistan's military and people would put up a fight if India extends the US doctrine on pre-emptive attack to launch an ‘‘aggression’’ against the country, Foreign Minister Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri has said. ‘‘Every Pakistani stands shoulder to shoulder with their armed forces in defence of the motherland and the entire nation is ready to deter any misadventure from India’’, he said replying to questions from members of the national Assembly over a debate on Iraq here yesterday. Kasuri added India had deployed its forces on the border for 10 months but dared not attack as it knew that ‘‘the nation was ready and formed a strong defence.’’ He also told the Lower House that Islamabad’s case on Iraq is based on principles and would strengthen Pakistan’s ability to stand up to India’s bullying pressures tomorrow. Rejecting as ‘‘rubbish’’ the speculation over a security pact between India and Iran, he said: ‘‘It is totally rubbish, Iran will never think of that - the Iranian Foreign Minister has also dismissed it as rubbish.’’ Meanwhile, Al Akbar Velayati the special envoy of Iranian President, Muhammad Khatami met Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf last night and delivered a special message to him on the Iraq situation.

Psychological warfare on
By Atul Aneja The Hindu 20 Mar 03
Manama MARCH 19. The U.S. has begun psychological operations aimed at sapping the will of the Iraqi troops. A U.S. warship has been broadcasting messages on the procedure that Iraqi soldiers, seeking to surrender, should follow. For instance, Iraqis wishing to lay down their arms should turn their tank turrets downwards and park their vehicles in a single direction. There has also been sustained talk about the Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister, Tariq Aziz, fleeing to Kurdistan and a similar action having been taken by the Iraqi Vice-President, Taha Yassin Ramadan, who has not been seen in public in the last three days. (Mr. Aziz, however, turned up before the media, scotching rumours office defection.)
The U.S. military commanders in Kuwait, meanwhile, expressed apprehensions about the Iraqi soldiers deployed in southern Iraq using chemical weapons against the advancing U.S. and British troops. Lt. Gen. David D. McKiernan warned against any such tactics and said it would be a hugely bad choice on the part of any Iraqi leader or commander to employ chemical weapons.
Responding to the 48-hour ultimatum issued by Mr. Bush to Mr. Hussein, and his two sons to leave the country, the Iraqi Parliament went in for an extraordinary session on Wednesday. The Speaker, Saadoon Hammadi, rejected the idea of Mr. Hussein going into exile as "absolutely unthinkable".
The Information Minister, Muhammed Said Kazim al Sahhaf, told presspersons that the U.S. troops were "fooling themselves" if they thought invading Iraq would be "like a picnic".
"Any aggression against our country or our people will be met with resistance," he said. A parliamentary member advised Mr. Bush to "stay away from Iraq if he wanted to save his skin".
Inside Baghdad, there were clear signs that a war was round the corner. Baghdad has been fortified by trenches and sandbags. Some of these trenches have reportedly been filled with oil. Once ignited, the burning oil could form a smokescreen that could impede targeting by U.S. fighter jets and bombers. The tactic, however, may not work against the satellite-guided bombs, that the US air force might deliver in larger numbers during the war.
Keen to open a second front, the U.S., has continued to mount sustained pressure on Turkey to open its bases to U.S. planes and missiles, as well as permit its forces to transit into northern Iraq. Relenting somewhat to the U.S. exhortations, the Turkish Government said it would ask its Parliament to let the U.S. use Turkish airspace in the event of war but would not immediately ask its lawmakers to approve the entry of American troops.
In case the Turkish lawmakers approve this proposal, it would greatly add to the formidable U.S. firepower.
The U.S. warships based in the Mediterranean Sea would also be in a position to join the multi-directional assault on Iraqi targets with Tomahawk cruise missiles.

India fires on all cylinders at UAE defence show Economic times 17 Mar03 AGENCIES [ SUNDAY, MARCH 16, 2003 10:25:44 PM ]
ABU DHABI: India has made a strong pitch showcasing a wide range of weaponry at the sixth International Defence Exposition (Idex), which opened here on Sunday, to realise its revised target of Rs 1,000-crore defence exports.India’s defence exports stand at Rs 200 crore a year, but the defence ministry has announced a revised target of Rs 1,000 crore a year. The country has proven know-how in guns, ammunition and night-vision equipment, which has a ready market abroad. India is trying hard to market its modernised 155-mm field gun with a range of 39 km developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB). The OFB representing 39 defence production units in India, Bharat Dynamics and Bharat Earth Movers are participating in the show.Indian warship INS-Mumbai, with a crew of 30 officers and 300 sailors, will take part in the Naval Show being organised at Mina Zayed as part of sixth Idex. The Idex has established itself as the premier defence show in the region, which accounts for 40% of the world’s arms’ trade. The show started on schedule despite war threats in Iraq. About 825 defence companies from 45 countries are attending the prestigious event, which has on its invitee list more than 55 defence ministers and 17 chiefs of staff.

Are Pakistani Voices Changing for Peace with India? Satribune 22 Mar 03
B. Muralidhar Reddy
A QUIET but dramatic transformation seems to be taking place in the discourse in the Pakistani press and civil society on Islamabad's India policy in general, and Kashmir in particular. Even the right-wing combine of religious parties, the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, has, in its manifesto, sought a dialogue with India on the basis of the Simla Accord.
Kashmir has been the theme song of Pakistan's foreign policy for half-a-century, but now this is being questioned. The Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) chief, Qazi Hussain Ahmed, surprised observers recently when he visited the Foreign Office to deliver a "lecture" to the officer corps and made a strong case for peace with India, rather than submit to the "dictates" of the United States. It is the same JI that organized street protests against the famous Lahore bus yatra of the Prime Minister, Atal Behari Vajpayee, in February 1999. Of course, Mr. Hussain did blame India for its "inflexibility" but implied in his exhortation was the suggestion for a fresh thinking in dealing with New Delhi.
The shift may for now be confined largely to the English press and the elite that is not (yet) part of the establishment, the Urdu press continues to passionately espouse the line Kashmir banega Pakistan (Kashmir will be part of Pakistan) and that India will disintegrate under the weight of its own contradictions.
Yet, the debate in Pakistani society on the India policy is perhaps unprecedented. Undoubtedly, 9/11 and its aftermath have been major factors. They have not only triggered the discussion but also defined its parameters.
It is important to understand that the debating club is agreed that India is determined to extract maximum mileage from what is perceived as the "universal phobia" about Islamic terrorism, no matter what Pakistan does.
It believes that the Vajpayee Government would like to keep the `Pakistan pot' boiling for the next 20 months with an eye on the general elections. Despite this, intellectuals in Pakistan are increasingly urging the military establishment to seriously rethink its India policy. It is precisely to end the "vicious cycle" and deprive India of any "excuses" that appeals for a rethink are being made.
The crux of the arguments put forward by the intelligentsia boils down to just one proposition. Can Pakistan sustain its policy of `jehad' in Kashmir in the post 9/11 world? The unambiguous answer is no. They are convinced that the Kashmir policy has become redundant. The thinking is that if the military establishment could get away with a U-turn on Afghanistan, after a telephone call from the U.S. President, George W. Bush, it could well do so in the case of India and Kashmir too.
Najam Sethi, Editor, Daily Times, and the weekly, Friday Times, even suggested in one of his editorials that if India was agreeable to a realistic dialogue, the Kashmir issue could be settled and perhaps peace could be negotiated without "redrawing" the boundaries. In other words, converting the Line of Control (LoC) into an international boundary.
As Ayesha Siddiqa-Agha, a strategic affairs expert, put it, "if Islamabad were to accept the LoC as the international boundary, the world believes the Kashmir problem will go away. For the past many years, the LoC has been practically the de facto border between the two neighbors. If the military relents and subscribes to this line of thinking it would mean undoing all that Pakistan has come to believe in over the past 56 years".
But Mr. Sethi's logic was unquestionable. "Confronted by Washington, Pervez Musharraf wisely about-turned on our Afghan policy. And since the Taliban, Al-Qaeda, Afghan mujahideen and Kashmir jehadis were all cut from the same anti-Western cloth, it was time to start thinking on how to wrap up our pro-active Kashmir policy before it ended undermining dividends reaped from abandoning the Afghan policy. But unfortunately, that hasn't happened," he wrote.
M. P. Bhandara, a member of the National Assembly, hit the nail on the head when he made a strong case for the military to get down to taking on the `jehadis' or risk international isolation. In a dispassionate analysis of Pakistan's state of affairs in the context of the changed world scenario, he lamented that the issue of `jehad' had never been seriously debated in civil society, the press or the Islamic Ideology Council.
"As a corollary to the above (aftermath of 9/11), it follows that our projection today should be the reverse of our high profile of the 1980s when we were flush with victory in Afghanistan. This means that the armed lashkars and jehadis of various hues have to be recognized as enemies of the state. It is high time the Riot Act was read to them. Article 256 of the Constitution absolutely prohibits the formation of private armies. There can be only one writ in Pakistan, the majesty of the Basic Law," he wrote in the Dawn.
These are but a few examples. Several commentaries in the Pakistani press were critical of Islamabad's recent decision to expel the Indian Deputy High Commissioner and three others in retaliation. They argued that "an eye for an eye" was not diplomacy but jungle law. Mushahid Hussain, Information Minister under former Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, and member-elect to the Pakistan Senate, did not mince words in his latest column in The Nation. Mr. Hussain has joined Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali's party and his candid views on poverty of ideas in the Foreign Office is yet another reflection of the growing debate on the India policy.
``Pakistan's India policy has been based on two planks: seeking a dialogue and a tit for tat approach. As for dialogue, domestic political compulsions have driven the BJP's Pakistan policy with Hindutva hawks seeking to capitalize politically by exploiting the bigoted sections of Indian society. Hence, the Indian hard line which remains unrelenting, more so given the state elections during the current year. The tit for tat approach is any easy out, because it is more reactive than proactive. Pakistan's interests would be better served by discarding this tit for tat approach..." Mr. Hussain said. He also urged the establishment to adopt a more liberal visa policy to enable greater people-to-people contacts.
Of course, the calls for a new India/Kashmir policy have had little impact on the `jehadi' mind set. In a speech delivered on February 5 ? Kashmir solidarity day ? the former Lashkar-e-Taiba chief, Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, reportedly said, "we are about to unleash a spate of suicide attacks in India to undertake the holy duty. God willing, these will cost you (Mr. Vajpayee) and your Army dearly".
Where does it all lead? Realistically speaking, the Foreign Office has a limited role to play as the India policy is in the military's domain. The ball is clearly in the court of the Pakistan President, Gen. Musharraf, and the military establishment. And Gen. Musharraf has said more than once that no one can survive in Pakistan by "compromising'' on Kashmir and that he wants an immediate dialogue with India. He has also complained about the lack of "appreciation" in India for the "enormous risks" he has taken in confronting the `jehadis'. - Courtesy - The HinduAn Ex-Envoy Discusses Indian Options vis-a-vis Pakistan
G. Parthasarathy SATribune 22 Mar 03
WHILE THE writings and sayings of American and other Western scholars about our relations with Pakistan get widespread and prominent coverage in our media, we sadly seem to neglect the views of our own scholars on such subjects.
I was saddened when the comments made by one of our most distinguished scholars on international relations, Professor Satish Kumar, on "Reassessing Pakistan as a long-term strategic threat" on March 3 before a distinguished gathering in New Delhi was largely ignored by our media. In a brilliantly researched and crafted paper, Prof Kumar offered a realistic appraisal-free from any polemics-of the long-term challenge that our Western neighbor, dominated and ruled by a rogue military establishment, poses not only to us but to our entire neighborhood.
In his analysis, Prof Kumar dwells on how the army dominates virtually every section of national life in Pakistan, ranging from toppling democratically elected Governments to controlling real estate, dominating investments in the stock exchange, producing electrical power, taking over civil service jobs and getting a controlling stake in sectors of industrial production like cement and sugar. He refers to the growing trend of Islamisation within the army and concludes with an assessment of American scholar Stephen Cohen: "The present arrangement of a military led or influenced government will prevail indefinitely, but not transform Pakistan. Rebuilding weakened institutions is pointless if the central operating principles of the Pakistani establishment remain hatred and distrust of India and intolerance of diversity at home."
It is, however, in his analysis of the impact on Islamic extremism that Prof Kumar reveals certain pertinent facts. He draws a parallel between the ideologies of the Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden on the one hand and the ISI-supported Maulana Masood Azhar on the other. He points out that the "jihadi infrastructure" in Pakistan now includes 40,000 to 50,000 Madrassah, with an estimated two million students. There are today 200,000 armed jihadis in Pakistan, backed by over one million young people, jihad-oriented but not yet armed.
A recent poll in Pakistan showed 88 per cent of the people believe that the Quran and Sunnah should be the source of all laws in Pakistan; 64 per cent of those polled agree that Pakistan's security interests were served by supporting jihadi outfits in "Occupied Jammu & Kashmir". Kashmir is no longer the cause of the India-Pakistan conflict, but a pretext to paper over internal contradictions in Pakistan. While well-informed Pakistanis recognize that regularization of the Line of Control is the only way to resolve the Kashmir issue, the army needs the Kashmir issue for its own survival.
What is it that makes the Pakistan military believe that, despite India's vastly superior conventional military and economic strength, they can continue to bleed India in Kashmir and elsewhere?
According to Prof Kumar, the Pakistani establishment believes (not without reason) that from 1987 onwards, India has been deterred from responding militarily to its provocations because of fear of nuclear escalation. Secondly, the Pakistan Army is convinced that it has the support of the United States not only in ruling the country, but also in receiving American economic and military assistance, despite the provocations it indulges in against India.
Prof Kumar concludes that Pakistan cannot be blamed for getting away with the impression that it defeated "the enemy without fighting a war" following the December 13 attack on our Parliament, as General Pervez Musharraf said on December 13, last year. He asserts: "There are few examples of a country deploying its troops on a massive scale along the international border for a period of 10 months and achieving nothing.
Indian public opinion in general and expert opinion in particular have refused to be hoodwinked by the Government's claim that the purpose of the deployment was achieved with the successful completion of the elections in Jammu & Kashmir. The so-called coercive diplomacy has wasted its ultimate weapon without any gain. In strategic terms, after full mobilization hardly any option is left.
He states that Pakistan poses a long-term security threat to India, which is inherent in the nature of the Pakistani state, its ideology, its power structure, and the imperatives that determine the behavior of its ruling establishment. "These factors are not likely to change in the next twenty to thirty years. India has to cope with this kind of adversary. Its strategic capabilities and thinking, its national will and character must respond to the situation accordingly".
A number of questions naturally arise out of Prof Kumar's observations. Is there any justification for Pakistan's belief that its nuclear strategy has deterred and "defeated" India without firing a single bullet? The manner in which our soldiers were suddenly withdrawn from the borders even after innocent members of their families had been massacred in Kaluchak would certainly encourage such a belief.
Is it true that after a pointless "full mobilization" last year, we hardly have any military option left to deal with Pakistani provocations? Former Army Chief, General Ved Mallik, had asserted that there is substantial "strategic space" between a low intensity conflict and a nuclear war, and that such "strategic space" could be used by India to respond militarily to Pakistan's efforts to bleed us in Jammu & Kashmir and elsewhere. The full-scale mobilization obviously failed to achieve this objective. Have military planners in India readied options to strike back at Pakistan should there be further escalation in low intensity conflict, or incidents like the attack on our Parliament? There is very little to be optimistic on this score, given our past record. Further, do we have any long-term vision to deal with a rogue army that undermines democracy at home and promotes jihad abroad?
Given Pakistan's belief (not without justification) that the US will not really do anything meaningful to embarrass it on cross-border terrorism, should we not be looking at options other than appearing as perennial supplicants before the Americans? The Bush Administration last year demanded that Pakistan end all cross-border terrorism. US President George W Bush now merely seeks assurances from General Pervez Musharraf that terrorism "does not go up when the snow melts". By constantly speaking of the dangers of nuclear conflict, the US, in effect, reinforces Pakistan's resort to nuclear blackmail.
Should New Delhi not point this out to friends in Washington? While we have acted with foresight in Afghanistan, should we not aggressively work to further isolate Pakistan in our neighborhood.? Have we developed a strategy to influence public and political opinion within Pakistan about the hazards of their present policies? As Pakistan is going to pose a long-term security challenge, should we not build a national political consensus on how to deal with this challenge that seeks to undermine our secular and pluralistic values?
The issues raised by distinguished academics like Prof Kumar cannot be wished away. While swearing by slogans of "swadeshi" and "self-reliance", we sadly seem to be more influenced by the thoughts of second-rate foreign academics rather than the writings of our own academics like Prof Kumar or Dr Veena Kukeja. The study of Kautilya's Arthashastra is more important for our students of diplomacy and military-strategic issues than the works of Clausewitz and Metternich. Nations lose their independence, self-confidence and self-respect not by importing foreign technology, goods and services, but by mortgaging their minds to foreign doctrines and concepts.
The writer is a former Indian Ambassador to Pakistan. Courtesy - The Pioneer

March 21, 2003 Defense News 22 mar 03
Indian Army Seeks $400M for Exercises
The Indian Army has asked the government for the immediate release of about $400 million annually to fund military exercises.
The maneuvers will help reverse the decline in combat readiness brought about by the lack of such training, Army commanders here said.
The absence of the annual exercises, stopped more than a decade ago due to budget constraints, has weakened the service’s operational planning capabilities severely, Army commanders here said.
Senior Army commanders told Defense News March 17 that the last time the service conducted a full-fledged, three-month-long exercise, involving 300,000 troops, was 12 years ago.
India To Spend $3 Billion To Boost Aircraft Abilities
By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI, NEW DELHI Defensenews Feb 28, 2003

India will spend about $3 billion in the next three to five years on beyond-visual-range (BVR) capabilities and other technologies for Air Force planes. The plan would upgrade more than 200 MiG-27, MiG-21 Bis, MiG-29, Jaguar and Mirage-2000H aircraft.
Indian Air Force pilots found their Mirage-2000H aircraft no match for the French Mirage-2000Hs and their more advanced BVR equipment during early February joint exercises with French pilots in the central Indian state of Gwalior, a senior Air Force official said Feb. 21.
BVR “has been at the heart of all future air warfare strategies of the Indian Air Force,” a Ministry of Defence official said.
Much effort will go to improving man-machine interfaces, the official said. Advanced computers, avionics including global positioning systems, advanced air radio navigation sensors and digital mapping systems will be incorporated in computers to be installed on the aircraft.

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